A vitamin goldmine with their antioxidants, vitamin C and the pigment beta-cryptoxanthin, oranges are one of the most popular fruits in the world. They were first cultivated in China around 2500 BC and are assumed to have originated in southern China, northeastern India and perhaps southeastern Asia. As of 1987, orange trees were found to be the most cultivated fruit tree in the world.
Navels are a clone of a mutant orange dating back almost 200 years. Easily identifiable from the outside by the navel-like circle at one end, these oranges also have additional tiny wedges just inside the navel. The navel is actually the formative peel of the secondary fruit, developing on the side opposite the stem. Seedless, the rich, juicy flavour of this orange makes it delicious for eating out of hand.
Cara Cara

Cara Cara is a navel orange with a flavourful, juicy pink flesh reminiscent of strawberries and raspberries. It’s sweet and mildly acidic. Cara Cara is called Red Navel and ripens from autumn into winter. These oranges can be juiced, eaten or cooked into jams, jellies and other spreads. Production early May to mid/late June.

Navellates are also known as late navels. This type of eating orange is characterised by its deep orange colour and it delivers a delicious sweet burst of juicy goodness. Production is between early/mid-April and end-July/early August.

Valencias are named for the city of Valencia in Spain, although the variety is thought to have originated in China or India. Valued for their high juice content and availability outside of the typical citrus season, Valencia oranges are usually thin-skinned and have a few seeds. They’re considered one of the best oranges for juicing.

Delta is a smooth-rinded South African variety which resembles the Valencia but matures somewhat earlier. It’s a seedless fruit of high quality and is popular because it’s less acidic and thus great-tasting. Production is mid-June to mid-October.


Midknight is a larger fruit and virtually seedless. It has a high juice percentage and its intense flavour makes it excellent for eating or juicing. Production mid-June to end-September.

Lemons are available throughout the year, but peak around May, June and August. They’re oval in shape and feature a yellow, texturised outer peel. Like other citrus fruits, their inner flesh is encased in eight to ten segments. Lemons contain unique flavonoid compounds that have antioxidant and anti-cancer properties. They’re also an excellent source of vitamin C.


Grapefruit originated in Barbados as an accidental cross between the sweet orange and pomelo or shaddock. When found, it was named the ‘forbidden fruit’. The common name comes from Jamaica, where locals referred to the way the fruit grew in clusters like grapes. Tart and tangy with an underlying sweetness, grapefruit has a juiciness that rivals that of the orange and has many health-promoting benefits, such as being a good source of vitamin C, potassium, dietary fibre and lycopene, a carotenoid phytonutrient.
Jackson LS Sweet
Jackson LS Sweet Sunrise is mainly medium to small with a low seed content. The skin is smooth with a white to light-brown internal colour and the fruit is juicy with a refreshing fruit punch-like flavour. It can be peeled like a navel and eaten without any bitter naringin taste.

Rosé is a pink-fleshed grapefruit with some blush to the peel. It’s thin-skinned with excellent flavour and masses of juice. Also known as Ruby Red, Tropical Ruby or Redblush.

Star Ruby

Star Ruby is the benchmark standard of grapefruit for colour, flavour and fragrance. It’s an attractive red-blushed fruit with a smooth yellow rind and the segmented flesh is aromatically bright, rich ruby in colour, juicy and low-seeded or seedless. Star Ruby’s season of maturity is mid- to late-season, early April to early June.

White Marsh

White Marsh is the most popular variety of grapefruit. Both sweet and acidic, it has yellow-white flesh and yellow skin. Other Marsh grapefruits include the pink Marsh. Production is end-March/early April to end-July.

Soft Citrus

Soft citrus, also known as ‘easy peelers’ for obvious reasons, means mandarins of cultivars grown from the species Citrus reticulata Blanco, Citrus unshiu Marcow, Citrus nobilis Lour, Citrus deliciosa Tenore and their hybrids.

Clementines have a deep orange colour with a smooth, glossy appearance. They can be separated into between 7 and 14 segments. They’re almost always seedless and are typically juicy and sweet.


Mandarins are native to south-eastern Asia and the Philippines and are members of Citrus reticulate Blanco. Dubbed ‘kid-glove’ oranges, mandarins have a thin, loose peel. The name ‘tangerine’ can be applied as an alternate name to the whole group, but is usually confined to the types with red-orange skin in the trade. Smaller and less spherical than oranges, they’re pebbly-skinned.


Nadorcotts are from Morocco or Spain. A patented, late-season seedless variety, it’s distinguished by its red-orange colour and thinner peel. Nadorcott is decidedly less sweet and more tart and bitter in flavour than the other soft citrus varieties.


Novas are medium to large with the rind being a reddish-orange and the flesh deep orange. Juicy and sweet, production is from early March to end-June.


Satsumas owe their name to a former Japanese province, now Kagoshima Prefecture, on the southern tip of Kyushu Island, where they’re believed to have originated. Medium-small to medium, oblate to sub-globose, satsumas are sometimes slightly necked and seedless. Its thin rind is somewhat leathery.